06 Jul 2022, 10:08

Weathering sandstorms, Iraqis grit teeth and battle on

BAGHDAD, July 6, 2022 (BSS/AFP) - Another sandstorm has darkened Iraqi skies
and it's hard to breathe, but Baghdad motorcycle delivery rider Milad Mitti
doesn't have the luxury of missing a day's work.

Like most people in the now blistering hot desert country, the 30-year-old
battles on in frustration, wearing goggles and a grey neck warmer over his
mouth and nose "so I can breathe".

Iraq, still recovering from decades of war, is now facing new environment
challenges on an unprecedented scale: since mid-April it has weathered a
dozen dust storms that have often shrouded it in an otherworldly orange glow.

Thousands have been rushed to hospitals so far, and on Sunday, as has
happened many times in recent weeks, airports were again forced to delay
flights for hours due to the poor visibility.

Most Iraqis never bothered with face masks when the Covid pandemic was in
full swing, but they do now.

"This is probably the first year that Iraq has had so many sandstorms," said
Mitti in a busy square in the centre of the sprawling capital, which was
baking in 40 degrees Celsius (over 100 degrees Fahrenheit) heat.

"It is very difficult to see," he said. "It's suffocating. It's hot. You have
to drink juice and liquids to protect yourself."

A married man, he said he relies on the job which pays him about $600 a

"I have a family," he said. "I have responsibilities."

- Layers of dust -

On the deserted terrace of a cafe in the capital, the black faux-leather
chairs were once more covered with a film of dust.

A waiter, with a brown apron tied around his waist, wiped them with a wet
cloth, then hosed down the floor with water.

In May, the sandstorms sent at least 10,000 people to hospitals with
respiratory problems, claiming at least one life.

Many patients were elderly or suffering from asthma, other respiratory
ailments or heart disease, the most at-risk groups.

After Sunday's dust storm, more than 500 people were rushed to hospitals
across the country for respiratory problems, health ministry spokesman Seif
al-Badr said Monday.

At his Baghdad hospital, doctor Seif Ali Abdel-Hamza saw four patients on
Sunday, as this time the sandstorm in the capital lasted just hours, not

"The more intense the storms get -- the more storm days you have, as it has
been the case in recent weeks -- the more cases of choking there will be,"
said the chief resident at al-Kindy hospital.

"The majority of patients suffer from chronic diseases, such as asthma or
allergic bronchitis, the majority are elderly."

- 'You suffocate' -

Oil-rich Iraq is ranked one of the five countries most vulnerable to the
impacts of climate change and desertification, a key factor driving the

Over the next two decades, it can expect 272 dusty days per year, and this is
projected to surpass the 300-day mark by mid-century, said an environment
ministry official.

To combat the phenomenon, authorities say they are considering planting
"green belts" around cities.

But the country of 41 million, despite the mighty Tigris and Euphrates
rivers, also suffers from water shortages and declining rainfall.

"Before, there was a green belt around Baghdad. If we replant, it will be
very useful," said electrician Razzak Jassem, 35.

Lashing out at the state mismanagement, he denounced the government
"failings" and "billions spent on nonsense".

"Every time the storm is over, you have to wash down the whole house," he
said. "No matter how much you insulate, the dust gets in."

The worst thing is having to work during the sandstorms, he said during a
work break in a shop where he was installing lighting.

"You put on a mask, it gets in the way. You suffocate, you want to take it
off," he said. "You take it off and there is the dust."

Yet Jassem, too, as a married father of three, will just have to keep going
to make ends meet.

"We'll stop working when we die," he said. "As long as we're alive we have to

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