US drought exposes murky mob past of Las Vegas
LAS VEGAS, July 4, 2022 (BSS/AFP) - Mobsters who end up sleeping with the
fishes are usually never seen again.
But climate change has a way of messing even with the mafia, and a watery
grave outside Las Vegas is starting to cough up Sin City's darkest secrets.
Lake Mead, which can be reached from the Las Vegas Strip by a short ride in
the trunk of a car with your hands and feet bound, is drying up in a grueling
Its receding waters are leaving behind the usual flotsam and jetsam of a lake
heavily trafficked by weekend boaters.
But also bodies.
One particular find caught the attention of mob-watchers: the skeletal
remains of a man who had been shot in the head, stuffed in a barrel and
tossed in the lake four decades ago.
"The mob had a propensity to put people in barrels, whether they're burying
them in a lake, or dumping them out in the field," said Geoff Schumacher of
The Mob Museum in Las Vegas.
"That's number one. Number two, the person was shot in the head, typical mob
"And third, we know that this happened in the late '70s, early '80s (when)
the mob was very prominent in Las Vegas."
- Oasis -
An improbable oasis of hotels, casinos and vice sprouted in the baking Nevada
desert in the 20th century.
Las Vegas had been founded in 1905, but it wasn't until work began on the
nearby Hoover Dam in the 1930s that its population swelled.
The influx of construction workers -- mostly single men -- created a market
for entertainment, which was filled by sex workers, showgirls and legalized
And where there is flesh, casinos and booze, organized crime is lurking in
"The mob played a pretty big role in the development of Las Vegas from the
1940s through the 1980s," said Schumacher.
"There was a lot of behind-the-scenes activity where the mob was controlling
the management of the casinos, but also building and expanding the casinos,
using in many cases, Teamsters union money."
The city grew rich in the post-World War II boom that fueled the American
dream, becoming the global capital of gambling.
And for every $100 that a hapless tourist lost at the blackjack table in a
fug of free booze, a mafia boss in Chicago or New York wanted his cut.
The skimming, which doubtless cost the city millions of dollars in lost
taxes, was a double-edged sword.
"They also sort of created this mystique about Las Vegas," said Schumacher.
"People wanted to come to Las Vegas, on the idea that 'oh, maybe when I sit
down at the bar, there's going to be a mob guy sitting next to me.'"
- 'Cold-blooded killers' -
But it wasn't all glamour.
"The reality was that these guys were cold-blooded killers; they were
thieves. If you were to cross the mob in some way... there definitely were
Las Vegas police are still investigating the body found in the barrel at Lake
Mead earlier this year, and in response to AFP inquiries would only say there
is an ongoing probe.
But Schumacher has his theories about the identity of the dead man.
One suggestion is that he was Jay Vandermark, who worked at the Stardust
Hotel, an operation run by Frank "Lefty" Rosenthal on behalf of the Chicago
Rosenthal -- who was played by Robert De Niro in the movie "Casino" -- was
funneling cash back to his bosses, until the scheme drew the attention of
Vandermark disappeared shortly thereafter.
A more likely candidate for the body in the barrel, however, is a man named
Harry Pappas who was also connected to the Chicago Mob.
"One of the extra perks for visitors to Las Vegas, if you were a high
roller... was they would take you out on the boat at Lake Mead," Schumacher
"The Stardust had a boat out there and Harry Pappas was in charge of that
"Right before he disappeared, he told his wife he was going to lunch with
someone who was interested in buying his boat. We've never seen Harry Pappas
Lake Mead is a massive reservoir on the Colorado River created by the Hoover
Dam. It is now just a quarter full -- the result of a drought and warming
temperatures fueled by man-made climate change -- and shows no sign of
As its shoreline retreats, revealing more of the lake bed, it may yield more
mob secrets, said Schumacher.
"I don't know if we find another body in a barrel, but I have to believe that
there could very well be a second murder victim out there."