28 Feb 2022, 17:47

Urgent, accelerated action required to cope with climate change impact: IPCC Report

  DHAKA, Feb 28, 2022 (BSS) - Bangladesh is likely to face extreme heat and 
humidity risks, continued sea-level rise caused by adverse impact of climate 
and it also will force millions of people from their homes threatening 
industry and agricultural production, predicted by the latest IPCC report. 

  The United Nations' Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) 
Working Group II AR6 report on climate impacts adaptation recently released, 
projects that continued greenhouse gas emissions will threaten Bangladesh's 
safety and prosperity and the national economy is likely to face severe 
shocks that could halt growth, a press release said. 

  Dr Rawshan Ara Begum, one of the coordinating Lead Authors of the report 
said, "This report iterated that Bangladesh is one of the most vulnerable 
countries in the world due to climate change and sea level rise with 
projecting a loss of 2%-9% of annual GDP by mid and end of century, displace 
1 to 2 million people of south Bangladesh by mid-century"

  Rice production is likely to decline by 12-17% and wheat production by 12-
61% she said, adding this will further worsen the country's current 
challenges including extreme poverty, income inequality, economic and non-
economic losses and damages and low adaptive capacity. 

  Md. Arfanuzzaman one of the lead authors of the IPCC report said, "The 
climate change impacts Bangladesh is facing today will increase substantially 
in the coming years. It is very likely that most of our existing adaption 
would be ineffective under both 1.5 and 2C warming conditions." 

  According to the report, parts of the country would lose 31-40% of 
agricultural output this century to sea-level rise alone because of current 
emission plans. And a third of the country's power plans may need to be 
relocated over the next decade to avoid flooding from sea-level rise. 

  Moreover, the report suggests that Bangladesh is among the places that will 
experience intolerable heat and humidity unless carbon emissions are rapidly 
eliminated. If emissions continue to rise, parts of Bangladesh would exceed 
the threshold where heat and humidity becomes survivable for humans towards 
the end of this century. 

  Dr. Rawshan further said, "In Bangladesh, some communities for example 
small and landless farm households are already approaching soft limits to 
adapt to riverbank erosion. With further global warming of 1.5C, additional 
adaptation limits will emerge. To avoid increasing losses and limits, urgent 
and accelerated action is required to adapt to climate change, while making 
rapid and deep cuts in greenhouse gas emissions."

  As a result of climate change and increasing demand for water, about 25% of 
people in Bangladesh will live with water scarcity by 2050, compared with 
about 10% now. Both the Ganges and Brahmaputra river basins will also see 
increased flooding as a result. 

  The report projects that while Bangladesh will be hit hard by the effects 
of climatic changes that happen within its border, it will also be deeply 
affected by the consequences of changes that happen elsewhere. 

  Climate change will hit international supply chains, markets, finance, and 
trade, reducing the availability of goods in Bangladesh, and increasing their 
price, as well as damaging markets for Bangladeshi exports. Economic shocks 
caused by climate change, including reduced agricultural yields, damage to 
critical infrastructure, and commodity price rises, could lead to financial 
instability in the country. 

  "There is evidence that poor and least developed households, communities, 
and countries who are most affected and marginalized by climate change, and 
least responsible for its causes, receive relatively little financial support 
for adaptation," says Dr. Rawshan.

  "Bangladesh is a real example of this. International climate financing 
needs more attention to adaptation finance for managing climate risks in 
least developed and many developing countries," she says. 

  This report informs scientific evidence of climate change impacts and 
potential risks, as well as provide a range of adaptation options for 
reducing vulnerability and enhancing resilience. 

  As Bangladesh is one of the most vulnerable countries caused by climate 
change, this report really matters to each and all policy makers and citizens 
in our country so that we can consider climate change issues in everyday 

  "To reduce socio-economic and environmental vulnerability and build 
resilience Bangladesh must focus on transformative and multi-sectoral 
adaptations," said Md. Arfanuzzaman. 

  This report assesses a wide range of adaptation options across sectors and 
regions for societal choices to act and implement in the decades to come 
which in turn, will determine future pathways to climate resilient. 

  Dr. Rawshan said, "As climate change is a global threat and inequality is a 
global phenomenon, as a citizen of a vulnerable country, I have hopes to 
global leaders for urgent, accelerated action to adapt to climate change, 
while making rapid, deep cuts in greenhouse gas emissions."