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  04 Jul 2022, 10:39
Update : 04 Jul 2022, 10:48

Saudi welcomes 1 million for biggest hajj pilgrimage since pandemic

MECCA, Saudi Arabia, July 4, 2022 (BSS/AFP) - White-robed worshippers from

across the world have packed the streets of Mecca as Islam's holiest city
prepares to host the biggest hajj pilgrimage since the coronavirus pandemic.

Banners welcoming the faithful, including the first international visitors
since 2019, festooned squares and alleys, while armed security forces
patrolled the ancient city, birthplace of the Prophet Mohammed.

"This is pure joy," Sudanese pilgrim Abdel Qader Kheder told AFP in Mecca,
ahead of the event expected to start on Wednesday. "I almost can't believe I
am here. I am enjoying every moment."

One million people, including 850,000 from abroad, are allowed at this year's
hajj -- a key pillar of Islam that all able-bodied Muslims are required to
perform at least once -- after two years of drastically curtailed numbers due
to the pandemic.

At least 650,000 overseas pilgrims have arrived so far in Saudi Arabia, the
authorities said Sunday.

In 2019, about 2.5 million people took part in the rituals, which include
circling the Kaaba, the imposing black cube at Mecca's Grand Mosque,
gathering at Mount Arafat and "stoning the devil" in Mina.

The following year, foreigners were barred and worshippers were restricted to
just 10,000, rising to 60,000 fully vaccinated Saudi citizens and residents
in 2021, to stop the hajj turning into a global super-spreader.

One million vaccinated pilgrims under the age of 65 will attend the hajj
under strict sanitary conditions, with the Grand Mosque, the holiest site in
Islam, scrubbed and disinfected 10 times a day.

The rituals have seen numerous disasters, including a 2015 stampede that
killed up to 2,300 people and a 1979 attack by hundreds of gunmen that left
153 dead, according to the official toll.

- Unaccompanied women -

The pilgrimage, one of the five pillars of Islam, is a powerful source of
prestige for the conservative desert kingdom and its de facto ruler, Crown
Prince Mohammed bin Salman, who is returning from the diplomatic wilderness.

Days after the hajj, Prince Mohammed will welcome US President Joe Biden who,
with oil prices sent soaring by Russia's invasion of Ukraine, has reneged on
promises to turn Saudi Arabia into a "pariah" over the 2018 murder of
journalist Jamal Khashoggi by Saudi agents.

The hajj, which costs at least $5,000 per person, is a money-spinner for the
world's biggest oil exporter, bringing in about $12 billion a year along with
other religious visits.

It is also a chance to showcase a country that is undergoing rapid
transformation, while still drawing regular complaints about human rights
abuses and limits on personal freedoms.

Saudi Arabia -- which has under recent reforms permitted raves in Riyadh and
mixed-gender beaches in Jeddah -- now also allows women to attend the hajj
unaccompanied by a male relative, a requirement that was dropped last year.

- 'Serenity' -

Masks are no longer compulsory in most enclosed spaces in Saudi Arabia but
they will be mandatory at the Grand Mosque. Pilgrims from abroad will have to
submit a negative PCR test result.

The Grand Mosque will be "washed 10 times a day... by more than 4,000 male
and female workers", with more than 130,000 litres (34,000 gallons) of
disinfectant used each time, authorities said.

Since the start of the pandemic, Saudi Arabia has registered more than
795,000 coronavirus cases, 9,000 of them fatal, in a population of about 34
million.

Aside from Covid, another challenge is the scorching sun in one of the
world's hottest and driest regions, which is becoming even more extreme
through the effects of climate change.

Although summer has only just begun, temperatures have already topped 50
degrees Celsius (122 Fahrenheit) in parts of Saudi Arabia.

But for Iraqi pilgrim Ahmed Abdul-Hassan al-Fatlawi, the hot weather is the
last thing he thinks of when in Mecca.

"I am 60 years old, so it's normal if I get physically tired because of the
hot weather, but I am in a state of serenity, and that's all that matters to
me," he told AFP.

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