27 Jun 2022, 09:27

Ukraine war could boost illegal drug production: UN

VIENNA, June 26, 2022 (BSS/AFP) - The war in Ukraine could allow illegal drug

production to flourish, while the opium market's future hinges on the fate of
crisis-wracked Afghanistan, the United Nations warned Monday.

Previous experience from the Middle East and Southeast Asia suggests conflict
zones can act as a "magnet" for making synthetic drugs, which can be
manufactured anywhere, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)
said in its annual report.

"This effect may be greater when the conflict area is near large consumer

The UNODC said the number of dismantled amphetamine laboratories in Ukraine
rose from 17 in 2019 to 79 in 2020, the highest number of seized laboratories
reported in any country in 2020.

Ukraine's capacity to produce synthetic drugs could grow as the war
continues, it added.

"You don't have police going around and stopping laboratories" in conflict
zones, UNODC expert Angela Me told AFP.

The report also noted that conflict could shift and disrupt drug trafficking
routes, with suggestions that trafficking in Ukraine has fallen since early

The situation in Afghanistan -- which produced 86 percent of the world's
opium in 2021 -- will shape the development of the opiate market, the UN
report added.

It said the country's humanitarian crisis could incentivise illegal opium
poppy cultivation, even after the Taliban authorities banned the practice in

"Changes in opium production in Afghanistan will have implications for opiate
markets in virtually all regions of the world," the UN said.

An estimated 284 million people used a drug in 2021, or one in every 18
people worldwide aged between 15 and 64, the report found.

The figure was 26 percent higher than in 2010, with population growth only
partially accounting for the change.

Cocaine production climbed to a new record in 2020 at 1,982 tons.

Although most drug consumers were men, Me said women heavily used amphetamine
type stimulants and were under-represented in treatment.

"For them, it's a double stigma. Going there is also to expose themselves,"
she told AFP.

"We have put a recommendation on safety and how to ensure that the centres
have the possibility to welcome children."

The UNODC report was based on information gathered from member states, its
own sources, and analysing institutional reports, the media and open-source




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