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  21 Oct 2021, 10:16

Covid recovery poses dire climate, health risks: Lancet

 PARIS, Oct 21, 2021 (BSS/AFP) - Countries' fossil-fuel powered Covid-19
recoveries will have long-lasting consequences on human health and risk
worsening the food and water insecurity, heatwaves and infectious diseases
already threatening billions globally, a major assessment warned Thursday.

  The Lancet Countdown is the largest annual study of the impacts of climate
change on human health.

  It found that up to 19 percent of Earth's land mass was affected by extreme
drought in 2020 and warned that climate change posed a major threat to food
security, which already affects more than two billion people.

  Compared with the historic average, the global population of over-65s lived
through 3.1 billion additional extreme heat days last year, it found.

  Populations of 134 countries are now at greater threat from wildfires than
at any time previously, and millions of farmers and construction workers are
losing income because of the rising number of extremely hot days.

  And climate change is creating ideal conditions for infectious diseases
such as dengue fever, Zika virus, cholera and malaria across a far larger
span of the globe than just a few decades ago and including Europe, it said.

  "Climate change is here and we're already seeing it damaging human health
across the world," said Anthony Costello, executive director of the Lancet
Countdown.

  "As the Covid-19 crisis continues, every country is facing some aspect of
the climate crisis too."

  - 'Bleak outlook' -

  The assessment found that the five years with the most areas affected by
extreme drought have all occurred since 2015.

  Disruption to the water cycle due to global heating shortens the time in
which plants reach maturity, resulting in small yields putting ever-greater
stress on food production.

  The Lancet said that yield potential for maize -- a global staple -- had
already declined 6 percent compared with 1981-2010 levels.

  Wheat has seen a 3-percent yield potential fall, and rice a 1.8-percent
fall, it found.

  And the marine food upon which 3.3. billion people depend on for either
sustinence or income is under "increasing threat", with average sea
temperature rising in nearly 70 percent of territorial waters compared with
just 15 years ago.

  The report also warned that nearly three quarters of countries surveyed
said they believed they could not afford an integrated national health and
climate strategy.

  "This year we saw people suffering intense heatwaves, deadly floods and
wildfires," said lead author Maria Romanello.

  "These are grim warnings that, for every day that we delay our response to
climate change, the situation gets more critical.

  "It's time to realise that no one is safe from the effects of climate
change."

  In an editorial, the Lancet called on world leaders at the forthcoming
COP26 summit to divert some of the trillions they are spending on Covid-19
recovery to reduce inequality and safeguard health.

  "This year's indicators give a bleak outlook: global inequities are
increasing, and the direction of travel is worsening in all health outcomes."

  AFP in June obtained a draft of an assessment on the impacts of climate
change from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.

  It warned that rising temperatures would expose tens of millions more to
disease, drought and disease as soon as 2050.

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