Biden backs NATO bids as Finland, Sweden vow to engage with Turkey
WASHINGTON, May 19, 2022 (BSS/AFP) - US President Joe Biden on Thursday
strongly backed Finland and Sweden's bid to join NATO in the face of Russia's
invasion of Ukraine, as the Nordic nations' leaders promised to address
concerns raised by Turkey.
With the red-carpet pomp of a White House visit, Biden welcomed Swedish
Prime Minister Magdalena Andersson and Finnish President Sauli Niinisto days
after they formally announced their NATO aspirations and said he was submitting
their applications to the US Congress, where there is bipartisan support for
"The bottom line is simple. Quite straightforward: Finland and Sweden make
NATO stronger," Biden said, offering the "full, total, complete backing of the
United States of America."
"Sweden and Finland have strong democratic institutions, strong militaries
and strong and transparent economies, and a strong moral sense of what is
right," Biden said with the two leaders at his side in the White House Rose
"They meet every NATO requirement, and then some," Biden told assembled
reporters without taking any questions.
Sweden and Finland, while solidly Western, have historically kept a
distance from NATO as part of longstanding policies aimed at avoiding angering
But the two nations both moved ahead amid shock over their giant neighbor's
invasion of Ukraine, which had unsuccessfully sought to join NATO.
With Russia voicing anger over the NATO bids, Biden said he told the Nordic
leaders that the United States would "remain vigilant against the threats to
our shared security."
The United States will work to "deter and confront any aggression while
Finland and Sweden are in this accession process," Biden said.
Drawing an implicit contrast to his predecessor Donald Trump, Biden called
NATO's mutual defense promise a "sacred commitment."
"We will never fail in our pledge to defend every single inch of NATO
territory," Biden said.
- Addressing Turkish concerns -
But membership requires consent of all 30 existing members and Turkey has
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has accused the two nations of
backing "terrorism," a reference to the presence in Finland and especially
Sweden of Kurdish militants from the separatist PKK.
Addressing Turkey, Niinisto said Finland was "open to discussing all the
concerns that you may have concerning our membership in an open and
"We take terrorism seriously. We condemn terrorism in all its forms and we
are actively engaged in combating it," Niinisto said.
Andersson said that Sweden is hoping for a "swift ratification process by
"We are right now having a dialogue with all NATO member countries,
including Turkey, on different levels to sort out any issues at hand," she said.
Until Turkey's objections, US officials voiced hope for ratification in
time for a NATO summit next month in Madrid.
Mitch McConnell, the top Republican in the Senate who frequently fights
Biden's agenda, said he would seek quick action on the bids by Sweden and
He noted that Finland already commits two percent of its GDP to defense and
that Sweden "is on pace to reach that target very soon" -- a threshold backed
by NATO and long pushed by Washington.
"These nations are setting an example which current treaty allies would do
well to follow," McConnell said on the Senate floor.
"So I'll be proud to continue amplifying their case for accession however I