28 Jan 2022, 18:59

Nearly 40 percent of Tigrayans face 'extreme lack of food': UN

ADDIS ABABA, Jan 28, 2022 (BSS/AFP) - Nearly 40 percent of people in

Ethiopia's Tigray are suffering "an extreme lack of food" in the face of an
extended de-facto blockade of the war-hit region, a UN agency said Friday.

   The dire assessment published by the World Food Programme (WFP) comes as
humanitarian groups are forced to increasingly curtail activities because of
fuel and supply shortages, with aid having to be delivered by foot.

   Fresh fighting in northern Ethiopia, which has been gripped by deadly
conflict for almost 15 months, is also limiting avenues for getting in aid.

   The data was included in what the WFP described as the first reliable food
security assessment conducted since a UN report more than six months ago,
which estimated that hundreds of thousands of people in Tigray faced "famine-
like conditions."

   The new assessment found 4.6 million people in Tigray -- or 83 percent of
the population -- were food-insecure, two million of them "severely" so.

   "Families are exhausting all means to feed themselves, with three quarters
of the population using extreme coping strategies to survive," WFP said in a

   "Diets are increasingly impoverished as food items become unavailable and
families rely almost exclusively on cereals while limiting portion sizes and
the number of meals they eat each day to make whatever food is available
stretch further," it added.

   WFP also sounded the alarm about rising hunger in neighbouring Amhara and
Afar regions, which have been hit hard by fighting in recent months.

   "WFP is doing all it can to ensure our convoys with food and medicines
make it through the frontlines," said WFP's East Africa director, Michael

   "But if hostilities persist, we need all the parties to the conflict to
agree to a humanitarian pause and formally agreed transport corridors, so
that supplies can reach the millions besieged by hunger," Dunford said.

   - Renewed fighting -

   Fighting broke out in Tigray in November 2020 after Prime Minister Abiy
Ahmed sent troops to topple the Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF), the
region's former ruling party, saying the move came in response to TPLF
attacks on army camps.

   After initially losing control of Tigray's cities and towns, the TPLF
regrouped and retook the region in June, then launched offensives into Afar
and Amhara.

   In November 2021 the rebels claimed to be within roughly 200 kilometres
(125 miles) of the capital Addis Ababa, prompting hasty evacuations as
countries including the US and France urged their citizens to leave.

   The government launched a counter-offensive, however, retaking lost
territory in Amhara and Afar.

   This week the TPLF said it had begun "robust" military operations in Afar,
describing the move as a response to attacks by pro-government forces on its

   - Delivering aid on foot -

   Tigray itself has for months been subject to what the UN says is a de-
facto blockade.

   Washington accuses Abiy's government of blocking aid, while Addis Ababa
blames rebel incursions.

   Earlier Friday the UN's humanitarian coordination office OCHA said all
international aid groups in the region were completely out of fuel and had
been reduced to delivering assistance to malnourished civilians on foot.

   Local groups were also struggling to reach people in need because of fuel
and cash shortages, it said.

   Malnutrition continues to soar, it said, with 4.2 percent of screened
children diagnosed with severe acute malnutrition during the latest week for
which data is available -- "a seriously alarming level".

   Last week, the UN said food distribution in Tigray had reached an all-time

   Tigray's pre-war government said this week it had recorded 369 deaths of
children under five that it attributed to the blockade, up from nearly 200 in

   The figure could not be independently verified.



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