Belarus, Poland violating human rights at border: watchdog
WARSAW, Nov 24, 2021 (BSS/AFP) - Belarusian border guards may be guilty of
torture against migrants on the country's border with Poland, Human Rights
Watch said Wednesday, adding that both nations have committed "serious human
The group said in a report that the two governments "have an obligation to
prevent further deaths by ensuring regular humanitarian access to the people
stuck in the border area".
HRW researchers said they had conducted in-depth interviews with 19 people,
some of whom "had been pushed back, sometimes violently, by Polish border
They said these pushbacks "violate the right to asylum under EU law" and
urged the EU to "start showing solidarity with the victims at the border on
both sides who are suffering and dying".
In Belarus, they said that "violence, inhuman and degrading treatment and
coercion" by Belarusian border guards were "commonplace".
HRW added that this treatment "may in some cases constitute torture, in
violation of Belarus's international legal obligations".
The EU and US have accused Belarus of engineering the crisis in retaliation
against EU sanctions on President Alexander Lukashenko, who has crushed the
opposition and independent media during his nearly three decades in power.
Lukashenko has told the BBC that Belarusian border guards "maybe" helped
the migrants cross, but denied bringing them to Belarus and urged the EU to
take them in.
Belarus estimates there are around 7,000 migrants in the country.
"While Belarus manufactured this situation without regard for human
consequences, Poland shares responsibility for the acute suffering in the
border area," Lydia Gall, senior Europe and Central Asia researcher at HRW,
said in a statement.
The report also said that three people had accused Polish border guards of
separating their families, including parents from children, by taking those
in need of medical care to the hospital while sending the other family
members back to Belarus.
It urged Belarus and Poland to "halt ping-pong pushbacks and allow
independent observers, including journalists and human rights workers, access
to currently restricted border areas".