10 Jun 2024, 16:58

Armed conflicts in 2023 highest since end of WWII: study

OSLO, June 10, 2024 (BSS/AFP) - More armed conflicts took place worldwide in

2023 than any other year since the end of the Second World War, according to
a Norwegian study published Monday.

Last year saw 59 conflicts of which 28 were in Africa, the the Peace Research
Institute of Oslo (PRIO) showed.

But the number of countries which experienced conflicts declined from 39 in
2022 to 34.

The number of deaths in combat also halved to around 122,000 over the
previous year, according to data collected by Sweden's Uppsala University
from NGOs and international organisations.

That number remained nonetheless the third highest since 1989, against the
backdrop of the war in Ukraine and the conflict between Israel and the
Palestinian Hamas movement.

"Violence in the world is at an all-time high since the end of the Cold War,"
said Siri Aas Rustad, PRIO researcher and the main author of the report
covering trends during the period 1946-2023.

"The figures suggest that the conflict landscape has become increasingly
complex, with more conflict actors operating within the same country," she

According to PRIO, the increase in the number of conflicts can be partially
attributed to the Islamic State spreading across Asia, Africa and the Middle
East, and the involvement of a growing number of non-state actors such as the
Al-Qaeda-affiliated Group to Support Islam and Muslims (JNIM).

"This development makes it increasingly difficult for actors like aid groups
and civil society organisations to manoeuvre the conflict landscape and
improve the lives of ordinary people," Rustad said.

While the number of combat deaths decreased last year, the accumulated number
for the past three years is the highest for a three-year period in 30 years.

A total of 28 armed conflicts were registered in Africa, followed by Asia
with 17, the Middle East with 10, Europe with three and the Americas with

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