18 Sep 2023, 10:23

UN meet looks to salvage promises on helping world's poorest

  UNITED NATIONS, United States, Sept 18, 2023 (BSS/AFP) - World leaders meet
Monday at the United Nations in a bid to salvage ambitious promises to lift
the planet's poorest, at a time when vulnerable nations are facing a volley
of crises.

But the development summit, on the eve of the annual UN General Assembly that
opens Tuesday, threatens to be eclipsed by growing geopolitical tensions --
which will be symbolized by the presence at the meeting in New York of
Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky.

In 2015, UN member states adopted the Sustainable Development Goals, 17
targets to transform the world by 2030 including by completely ending extreme
poverty and making sure not a single of the planet's eight billion people
goes hungry.

UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said the summit will seek a "global
rescue plan" on the targets, as he acknowledged that only about 15 percent
were on track to be met and that metrics on some were heading in reverse.

The goals are "about the hopes, dreams, rights and expectations of people and
the health of our natural environment," Guterres said.

"They're about righting historic wrongs, healing global divisions and putting
our world on a path to lasting peace," he said.

- Ambitions sidetracked --

Efforts to devote money and attention to the goals have been repeatedly set
back, including by the Covid-19 pandemic, the war in Ukraine and other
tumult, worsening climate catastrophes and sharp increases in the cost of

The United Nations summit "is a vital space to make change," said Abby
Maxman, the president of anti-poverty activist charity Oxfam America.

"Leaders must be held accountable, heed the calls of those on the front lines
and use this time to listen, make meaningful commitments and follow up with
real action," she said.

She said that one powerful step would be for wealthy nations to back reforms
of international economic institutions to address the crushing debts
impacting parts of the developing world.

A Group of 20 summit in New Delhi this month took initial steps to address
representation in the International Monetary Fund and World Bank.

"But overall, will this SDG summit reignite a sense of 'hope, optimism and
enthusiasm,' as it's been billed?" asked Noam Unger, a development expert at
the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington.

"Rising authoritarianism, democratic backsliding, but also geostrategic
competition and economic distress, those are likely to overshadow other
fundamental issues related to climate change and global development," he

- Poorest 'counting' on momentum -

Developing countries' leaders will be present in force on Monday. The United
States, which has pumped $43 billion in military aid into Ukraine to help
defend against Russian invasion, has hoped to show it is also interested in

"The world's most vulnerable are looking to us, like the young woman I met in
Chad (in September), who fled unthinkable -- unthinkable -- violence in Sudan
and had to leave her family and her education behind," said Linda Thomas-
Greenfield, the US ambassador to the United Nations.

"This young woman is counting on us. She's counting on the world in her time
of need," she said.

But a senior European diplomat warned the gap was growing between the
developing and developed worlds.

One goal for the summit is "making sure that that rift doesn't grow further,"
the diplomat said.

US Secretary of State Antony Blinken said he would hold a meeting at the
United Nations on how to use artificial intelligence to advance the
Sustainable Development Goals.

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