27 Jan 2023, 17:27

Fraud claims wipe $45 bn off India's Adani Group stocks

  MUMBAI, Jan 27, 2023 (BSS/AFP) - Shares in the business empire of Asia's

richest man Gautam Adani nosedived Friday, extending this week's losses to
$45 billion, days after a US investment firm claimed it had committed
"brazen" corporate fraud.

Adani, 60, began his week the world's third-richest person but has tumbled
down the rankings to seventh on Forbes' billionaires tracker after a $22.6
billion hit to his fortune in Friday's trade.

His flagship Adani Enterprises plunged nearly 20 percent over the day's trade
in Mumbai, briefly triggering an automatic trading halt, before recovering
slightly to close 18.52 percent lower.

Trading was also halted in five other group companies, with shares in Adani
Total Gas, Adani Green Energy and Adani Transmission falling 20 percent
apiece and triggering their own stock exchange circuit breakers.

"Obviously this is panic-selling," JM Financials equity research chief Ashish
Chaturmohta told AFP, adding that traders were creating fresh short-sell
positions to protect previously made bullish bets on Adani stocks.

Hindenburg Research this week alleged in a report that Adani Group had used
undisclosed related-party transactions and earnings manipulation to "maintain
the appearance of financial health and solvency" of its listed business

The conglomerate said it was the victim of a "maliciously mischievous"
reputational attack by Hindenburg just as it was preparing for a major
fundraising round.

Legal chief Jatin Jalundhwala said in a statement that Hindenburg's short
position in the firm, announced in the report's release, was proof the
company had a vested interest in driving down Adani stocks.

Adani was exploring its punitive action against the research advisory in US
and Indian courts, he said.

Hindenburg responded that Adani had ducked the issues its research had raised
and instead resorted to "bluster and threats".

"If Adani is serious, it should also file suit in the US," the firm said in a
statement. "We have a long list of documents we would demand in a legal
discovery process."

Shares in Adani business units have soared as much as 2,000 percent in the
past three years, adding more than $100 billion to its founder's net worth
and vaulting him up the ranks of the world's richest people.

Adani -- who now has an estimated fortune of $96.6 billion -- is considered a
close supporter of Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

The report said a pattern of "government leniency towards the group"
stretching back decades had left investors, journalists, citizens and
politicians unwilling to challenge the group's conduct "for fear of

"The issues strike at the heart of the Indian corporate sector scene where a
number of family controlled conglomerates dominate," Gary Dugan, chief
executive officer of the Global CIO Office, told Bloomberg.

"By their very nature they are opaque, and global investors have to take on
trust the issues of corporate governance."

- 'Old news' -

Hindenburg's report landed days before Adani's ambitious $2.5 billion follow-
on public offer -- India's biggest-ever -- opened for bids on Friday, aimed
at bolstering the business empire's balance sheet.

"The report is 100 percent unsubstantiated," market analyst Arun Kejriwal
said, adding that Hindenburg was looking to "make money" with its short
position in Adani.

"It is just a compilation of old news at a time when it hurts them the most,"
Kejriwal said. "The more scandalous they make it, the more damage it causes."

Shares in Adani Enterprises fell to 2,712 each at their lowest point in the
day, well below the FPO price band of 3,112-3,276 rupees per share.

Hindenburg's report accused Adani Group of engaging in a "brazen stock
manipulation and accounting fraud scheme over the course of decades".

It claimed Adani's elder brother Vinod managed "a vast labyrinth of offshore
shell entities" in tax havens including Mauritius, Cyprus and several
Caribbean islands.

The Mumbai stock exchange's benchmark Sensex index closed 1.45 percent lower
on Friday afternoon, primarily dragged down by the Adani rout.

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