BFF-74 Damascus creates body to repatriate Syria refugees

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BFF-74

SYRIA-CONFLICT-REFUGEES,LEAD

Damascus creates body to repatriate Syria refugees

DAMASCUS, Aug 6, 2018 (BSS/AFP) – Syria’s government is to set up a
committee to coordinate repatriating millions of its nationals who fled the
country’s seven-year conflict, state media has said.

The cabinet on Sunday “agreed to create a coordination body for the return
of those displaced abroad to their cities and villages,” state news agency
SANA reported.

The conflict has displaced more than five million Syrians outside the
country, the United Nations says, with more than half displaced to Turkey and
most of the rest split between Lebanon and Jordan.

The committee “will take the necessary measures to settle the status of
all those who were displaced and secure their return as security and basic
services return to different regions”, SANA said on Sunday.

It will take steps towards “ensuring they can lead normal lives and
practice their jobs as before the war” which broke out in 2011, it added.

The coordination body is to “intensify contact with friendly countries to
provide all facilitations and take suitable steps towards their return”, SANA
said.

President Bashar al-Assad’s regime has ousted rebels and jihadists from
large parts of Syria since 2015 when its ally Russia launched a military
intervention in the country.

But much of Syria lies in ruins, the economy is shattered, and many male
refugees voice fear of being drafted into the regime’s armed forces.

Last month, Russia presented the United States with plans for the
coordinated return of refugees to Syria.

The proposal includes the establishment of working groups in both Lebanon
and Jordan, involving US and Russian officials.

Also in July, Russia’s chief Syria negotiator Alexander Lavrentiev visited
Damascus, Amman and Beirut.

According to the Syrian presidency, Assad told Lavrentiev that “Syria is
bent on all its children returning”.

In comments to the Russian media, Assad appealed for Syrian refugees —
especially those who had their own businesses in the country — to return.

Countries hosting Syrians, including Turkey and Lebanon, have ramped up
demands in recent months for refugees to return to safe areas in their
homeland.

Over the same period, hundreds of Syrians have left Lebanon in organised
returns, coordinated between authorities in Beirut and Damascus.

Several thousand have also independently returned home in recent years.

On Monday, Lebanon’s General Security agency announced it had opened 17
centres across the country that would receive applications for Syrians who
want to travel back home.

The statement said Syrians in Lebanon could call hotlines and “regularise”
their status with authorities in case of outstanding legal or security
problems. It did not provide details on what was needed for applications or
under what circumstances they might be rejected.

The agency insisted that returns were voluntary.

Human rights groups have warned that Syrians returning to their homeland
should do so voluntarily and with full knowledge of the risks.

BSS/AFP/SSS/2016 hrs