Indonesian firms owe $1.3 bn in forest damage fines: Greenpeace

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JAKARTA, Feb 15, 2019 (BSS/AFP) – Indonesian firms owe at least $1.3
billion in unpaid fines for environmental damage caused by widespread forest
clearing and deadly fires linked to tens of thousands of premature deaths, a
Greenpeace study said Friday.

Citing government data, the environmental group said it examined 11 civil
court cases between 2012 and 2018 where palm oil and pulp-and-paper companies
were ordered to pay fines to Jakarta.

“However, not one of these forests cases has resulted in compensation being
paid,” Greenpeace said.

The cases were mostly linked to damage from fires that tore through
Indonesia in 2015, causing as much as $16 billion in damages to forestry and
agriculture, as well as to tourism and other industry, it added, citing World
Bank figures.

The 2015 blazes destroyed some two million hectares of land and sparked a
massive haze outbreak over Singapore and Malaysia, leading to diplomatic
frictions.

A US academic study estimated that the crisis may have led to more than
100,000 premature deaths.

“Until today not one company has paid compensation for their role in this
catastrophe,” Greenpeace said.

Most of the $1.3 billion in penalties was attributed to the single case of
a firm found to have been engaged in illegal logging that saw vast tracts of
forest destroyed.

Unpaid compensation is money owed to Indonesians and could be used for
large-scale forest restoration and to prevent future damage, it added.

“By not forcing these companies to pay, the government is sending a
dangerous message: company profit comes before law, clean air, health and
forest protection,” said Greenpeace Indonesia forest campaigner Arie Rompas.

The environment ministry did not immediately respond to requests for
comment on the report.

Indonesia’s overburdened court system — long dogged by corruption
allegations — is sometimes reluctant to chase firms for payment in these
kinds of cases, Greenpeace said.

The country’s commodities-driven economy depends heavily on agricultural,
forestry and mining activities that have been accused of causing widespread
environmental damage.

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