Ukraine nuclear plant standoff stirs Chernobyl memories
VYSCHETARASIVKA, Ukraine, Aug 14, 2022 (BSS/AFP) - Anastasiya Rudenko
clutches the gleaming gold medal her late husband Viktor was awarded for
working in the Chernobyl nuclear disaster zone.
He died in 2014 from bladder cancer -- perhaps a result of radiation, she
thinks. Now she mourns his loss in the Ukrainian village of Vyschetarasivka,
across the river from the Zaporizhzhia atomic power plant.
Kiev and Moscow accuse each other of shelling near the facility. Rockets have
struck a radioactive waste storage area and monitors warn of a "grave" crisis
with potential for catastrophic fallout.
Across a 14-kilometre (nine-mile) stretch of the Dnipro River, the station's
hulking silhouette is clearly visible from the village where Rudenko handles
paperwork proving her partner's fateful role in history's greatest nuclear
"We could have the same fate as the people of Chernobyl," the 63-year-old
"There's nothing good in what's going on, and we don't know how it will end."
- In 'the zone' -
Ukraine remains deeply scarred by the 1986 Chernobyl nuclear catastrophe,
when a Soviet-era reactor exploded and streamed radiation into the atmosphere
in the country's north.
Russia captured the site when it began its large-scale invasion of Ukraine in
late February, stirring safety fears, but it was abandoned within weeks when
Moscow failed to take Kyiv.
The Zaporizhzhia nuclear power plant in southern Ukraine was also occupied in
the early days of the war but it has remained in Russian hands ever since.
Ukraine says enemy troops are launching attacks from the facility -- Europe's
largest -- and its own military cannot return fire.
The escalating situation brings dark echoes from the past for those with
close links to Chernobyl.
Anastasiya's husband Viktor worked as one of the 600,000 "liquidators",
tasked with painstakingly decontaminating the "Chernobyl exclusion zone,"
where high radiation levels forced civilian evacuations.
The official death toll of Chernobyl remains just 31, however that figure is
hotly contested with some estimating that thousands of liquidators may have
suffered fatal doses of the invisible rays.
Viktor drove a truck in "the zone" for a total of 18 days. A gold service
ribbon awarded by the Ukraine Chernobyl Union shows atoms swirling around the
"bell of Chernobyl", a symbol which has become a ringing reminder of the
A brittle document from Ukraine's defence ministry archives certifies
Viktor's work and the dose of radiation he absorbed -- 24.80 roentgen.
"When I see my husband's papers, I feel pain," explained Anastasiya. "Many
people died or were permanently injured."
"When the Zaporizhzhia plant is being shelled we can see it quite well," she
added. "People are rumouring that there is something leaking, but they avoid
publicly admitting it."
- Living liquidators -
Vasyl Davydov says there are three "liquidators" still living in the village
of Vyschetarasivka, a bucolic collection of garden-fringed bungalows with a
hazy view of the Zaporizhzhia plant's six reactors and twin cooling towers.
He is one of them. He spent three and a half months working on Chernobyl
decontamination, with 102 trips to "the zone" operating a crackling dosimeter
to measure levels of radiation and razing tainted homes to the ground.
In his garden the 65-year-old unpacks his own service medals onto a
refrigerator lying on its side, used as a makeshift table. One depicts the
figure of Atlas holding the world, the image of a globe supplanted by the
There are pictures too. Of Davydov as a handsome uniformed serviceman, posing
with comrades and in front of a patriotic sign declaring: "Soldier! We will
revive life on the grounds of Chernobyl."
"I was there. I saw it all, and I saw the scale," he said.
Just days after Russian troops took the plant iodine tablets, to block a
certain kind of radiation, were handed out in the village in case of
emergency, according to Davydov.
But his time working in "the zone" seems to have inured him to a fear of
living opposite the Zaporizhzhia plant, even in a moment of crisis.
"If you believe everything, then you can go crazy," he said. "So you filter
everything through your experience."
"What will my fear do?" he asked. "How can it help me?"