BCN-39 News Analysis: Malaysian Ringgit’s fundamental remains intact amid currency turmoil




News Analysis: Malaysian Ringgit’s fundamental remains intact amid
currency turmoil

KUALA LUMPUR, Sept. 12, 2018 (BSS/Xinhua) – Despite recent tumbles in
Indonesian Rupiah and Philippines Peso have caused jittery in Southeast Asian
market, economists remain positive on Malaysian Ringgit outlook as its
fundamental remains resilient.

“Unlike Indonesia and the Philippines, which have twin deficits, Malaysia
is in a better position to weather currency storm as its current account is
still positive,” RHB Research Institute chief ASEAN economist Peck Boon Soon
told Xinhua in an telephone interview.

Malaysia has improved its financial fundamentals after the Asian Financial
Crisis from 1997 to 1998, he said.

Despite the recent government change following the general election in May
has caused some uncertainty in fiscal reform, he is hopeful that the
government is able to achieve its budget deficit of 2.8 percent of its gross
domestic product (GDP) this year. Thus, he is still projecting the Ringgit to
improve to 4.1 against the U.S. dollars by year-end.

The Ringgit opened lower at 4.1462 against the U.S. dollars on Wednesday
and continued to slide to 4.1508, the weakest since November last year. Year-
to-date, it has depreciated 2.58 percent against the greenback.

Due to a slower economy growth of 4.5 percent in the second quarter this
year, Malaysia’s current account surplus has narrowed to 3.9 billion ringgit
from 15 billion ringgit in the previous quarter. The Finance Ministry earlier
indicated that the country was on track to improve its deficit level to 2.8
percent of its GDP this year, from 3 percent last year.

“For the moment the Ringgit is safe as currency speculators are attacking
the weakest links in the chain and those currencies that are running massive
current account deficits,” said Oanda’s Asia Pacific trading head Stephen

“Robust oil prices have much helped the government coffers this year,” he
told Xinhua in an email, adding that the currency is much better insulated
from other ASEAN countries due to Malaysia’s oil exports.

He also opined that Malaysia’s new government is moving in the right
direction in improving its fiscal position, which could have positive
consequences on the country’s credit rating, and support the Ringgit going

However, he foresees the next 12 months will be a bumpy ride for the
currency, due to higher U.S. yields and a possible trade tensions escalation.

The GDP and consumer price index (CPI) will also be essential metrics, he
said. If the economy growth and inflation are lower than expectations,
Malaysia’s Central Bank may adopt a dovish stance which will add pressure on
the Ringgit.

Thus, he has raised his year-end target of the Ringgit to 4.20 against the
U.S. dollars.

For IHS Markit APAC chief economist Rajiv Biswas, the financial markets
will keenly await the new government’s first budget to assess the fiscal
roadmap and get some visibility on the government’s detailed policy reform

Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad indicated that the 2019 budget, which
expected to be table in early November, will entail many “sacrifices” as
government is looking way to save money.

To Biswas, Ringgit performance in recent months should be seen in the
broader context of the depreciation of many emerging markets currencies
against the U.S. dollars.

He pointed out that since the beginning of 2018, the Ringgit has only
depreciated slightly against the U.S. dollars, whereas many other large
emerging economies have suffered more substantial depreciation, including
Indonesia and India.

The underlying positive factors are that Malaysia still has a current
account surplus, which is a source of strength for the external account, and
has a broad range of exports of manufactures, commodities and services which
help to underpin export growth momentum, he said.

“U.S. Fed rate hikes and contagion risks from the economic crises in some
large emerging markets such as Turkey and Argentina are likely to continue to
put depreciation pressure on many emerging markets currencies against the
U.S. dollars in the fourth quarter of 2018 and into the first half of 2019,
the ringgit is therefore expected to trade at around 4.15 against the U.S.
dollars by end of the fourth quarter of 2018 and to depreciate slightly
further to 4.20 by end -2019,” he told Xinhua over an email.