Raging fire tears through prized Rio museum

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RIO DE JANEIRO, Sept 3, 2018 (BSS/AFP) – A massive fire on Sunday ripped
through Rio de Janeiro’s treasured National Museum, one of Brazil’s oldest,
in what the nation’s president said was a “tragic” loss of knowledge and
heritage.

The majestic edifice stood engulfed in flames as plumes of smoke shot into
the night sky, while some 20 fire brigades battled to control the blaze that
erupted around 2230 GMT.

Five hours later they had managed to smother much of the inferno that had
torn through hundreds of rooms, but were still working to extinguish it
completely, according to an AFP photographer at the scene.

The museum, located in the city’s north near the Maracana football stadium,
was closed to the public when the fire sparked from a yet unknown cause.

The fire “spread very quickly; there is a lot of inflammable material,” a
spokesperson for Rio’s fire department told AFP, adding that there were no
reports of victims so far.

The natural history and anthropology museum was founded in 1818 by King
Joao VI and is considered a jewel of Brazilian culture, housing more than 20
million valuable pieces.

“This is a tragic day for Brazil,” President Michel Temer said in a
statement. “Two hundred years of work and research and knowledge are lost.”

“The loss of the collection of the National Museum is incalculable,” he
said.

The collection included art and artifacts from Greco-Roman times and Egypt,
as well as the oldest human fossil found within today’s Brazilian borders,
known as “Luzia.”

The museum also housed the skeleton of a dinosaur found in the Minas Gerais
region along with the largest meteorite discovered in Brazil, which was named
“Bendego” and weighed 5.3 tons.

Pieces covering a period of nearly four centuries — from the arrival of
the Portuguese to the territory in the 1500s until the declaration of the
first Brazilian republic in 1889 — had also been stored there.

– ‘Lobotomy’ of national memory –

A deputy director at the museum, Luiz Fernando Dias Duarte, voiced
“profound discouragement and immense anger” as the treasured institution
burned, accusing Brazilian authorities of a “lack of attention.”

He said the museum, a former palace that was once the official residence of
the Portuguese royal family, had never had necessary support.

“We fought years ago, in different governments, to obtain resources to
adequately preserve everything that was destroyed today,” Dias Duerte told
journalists.

The National Museum, which is linked to the Federal University of Rio de
Janeiro, has suffered from funding cuts.

As flames raged researchers, professors and university students expressed a
mix of sorrow and indignation, with some calling for demonstrations Monday in
front of the ravaged building.

Senator Lindbergh Faris of the country’s leftist Workers’ Party decried the
institution’s lack of funding and blamed it on spending cuts ordered by the
government.

The fire comes as campaigning for October’s critical presidential vote gets
underway, one of the most uncertain Brazilian elections in decades.

Marina Silva, a former environment minister who is running for president,
called the blaze a “catastrophe” that is “equivalent to a lobotomy of the
Brazilian memory.”

The collection, she said, “contains objects that helped define the national
identity — and are now turning to ashes.”

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