Report accuses China firms over ozone-depleting gas


BEIJING, July 9, 2018 (BSS/AFP) – An environmental pressure group claimed
Monday that Chinese factories are illegally using ozone-depleting CFCs, which
have recently seen a spike in emissions that has baffled scientists.

The Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA) campaign group said 18
factories in 10 Chinese provinces they looked into admitted to using banned

Producers and traders told EIA researchers posing as buyers that the
majority of Chinese companies manufacturing foam — in high demand as an
insulator in the booming construction sector — continue to use CFC-11
because of its better quality and lower price.

CFCs are chemicals that deplete the ozone layer, the thin gaseous shield
that protects life on Earth from dangerous solar rays.

They were banned under the internationally binding 1987 Montreal Protocol
and production of CFCs officially stopped in developing countries in 2010.

Chinese authorities previously said the country successfully ended the
industrial practice of using CFCs in 2007.

The foreign ministry told AFP on Monday that China had made “tremendous
contributions” to achieving the aims of the Montreal Protocol.

“The increase in CFC-11 emission concentration is a global issue that
should be taken seriously by all parties,” the ministry said in a faxed
comment, without responding to the specific claims raised in the EIA report.

“As a party to the Montreal Protocol, China, like the international
community, is also highly concerned about this issue,” the statement added.

– ‘Shady’ operations –

A representative from one company cited in the report said the firm sources
CFCs from unlicensed factories with “shady” operations in Inner Mongolia and
conceals the substance from customs agents.

Others cited in the report said their companies produce the substance
themselves, with one source saying its factories can produce 40 tonnes of CFC
agents per day.

Traders cited by EIA also said that Chinese companies export the banned
CFC agents by mislabelling them as Hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) compounds and
other chemical blends.

Given the volume of exports of such compounds to other countries primarily
in Asia and the Middle East, there is a good chance nations that have pledged
to ban CFCs have inadvertently imported them, the report said.

“If China doesn’t stop this illegal production, it will imperil our slowly
healing ozone layer,” said Alexander von Bismarck, EIA US Executive Director.

“CFC-11 is also a super global warmer, making this a serious threat for our
climate as well,” he added.

The report comes ahead of a working group of the Montreal Protocol in
Vienna from July 11-14, where the issue of rogue CFC-11 emissions is likely
to be on the agenda.

In May, an international team of scientists published research that showed
the decline of CFC-11 in the atmosphere had slowed by half since 2012,
suggesting it was being secretly produced despite the global ban.

Researchers said the data pointed to East Asia as the source of renewed
production but they stopped short of naming a specific country.

At present, Earth is on course for several degrees of warming by 2100,
scientists say. This would doom many parts of the planet to worsening floods,
droughts, desertification, rising seas and storms.