Poet Nazrul Islam’s 121st birth anniversary observed


DHAKA, May 25, 2020 (BSS) – The 121st birth anniversary of National Poet
Kazi Nazrul Islam was celebrated today in a limited scale in the awake of the
coronavirus pandemic.

Marking the day, State Minister for Cultural Affairs K M Khalid, on behalf
of his ministry, placed a wreath on the grave of the poet besides the central
mosque of Dhaka University at 11 am.

Secretary of the ministry Dr Md Abu Hena Mostafa Kamal and Kabi Nazrul
Institute executive director Md Abdur Razzak Bhuiyan, among others, were

Besides, the Dhaka University (DU) authority, led by its Vice Chancellor
Professor Dr Md Akhtaruzzaman, also placed a wreath on the grave of poet.

On this occasion, doa and fateha were offered seeking eternal peace of the
poet’s departed soul.

DU Teachers Association general secretary Professor Dr Md Nizamul Haque
Bhuiyan and Proctor Dr AKM Golam Rabbani, among others, were present.

Bangladesh Television (BTV) and other private TV channels simultaneously
aired a 50-minute programme tilted ‘Jago Amrito Piasee’ made by the Cultural
Affairs Ministry marking the day.

However, the observance of Nazrul’s birth anniversary got an additional
dimension this year as his impressive Eid song ‘O Mon Ramzan-er Oi Rozar
Sheshey Elo Khushir Eid’ is being played today as the Muslims’ biggest
religious festival, Eid-ul-Fitr, is being celebrated across the country.

The song has become an unofficial title or theme song for the Eid-ul-Fitr,
heralding the festival of the Muslims after the month-long fasting in

As soon the song is played, it creates a wave of gratification among the
people and prompts them to get ready for celebrating the Eid.

Kazi Nazrul was born on the 11th Joishtha in Bengali calendar year 1306 in
Churulia, near Asansol in the Burdwan district of West Bengal.

He was famous for his fiery poem Bidrohi (The Rebel) and his many melodious
songs. He was a poet, lyricist, musician, revolutionary and philosopher.

The nation got inspirations from Nazrul’s poems and songs during the great
Liberation War and all democratic movements and struggles.

There are 2,400 of his songs, and together, they are known as Nazrul-Geeti
or Nazrul Sangeet. He composed the songs, which he liked to tune himself.

Considering his impressive talent, Rabindranath Tagore dubbed him as
Saraswati’s bor-putra (the gifted son of the Goddess of learning).

Nazrul was the poet of rebellion against injustice and taboos. His nickname
was Dhukhu Miah (Mr. Sorrow). True to his name, Nazrul suffered a lot in his

His father died in 1910 while he was still at school and he became the
breadwinner of the family working for a bakery company, Wahid’s, the most
well known in north Bengal at that time.

Later, he resumed studies at Darirampur, Trishal, Mymensingh. But he left
his studies to join the British Indian Army as a non-commissioned officer and
was posted to Karachi. He left the army and settled in Kolkata, where he
started publishing a fortnightly, Dhumketu (The Comet).

The magazine had a fiery tone and was critical of the British rule in
India. He soon found himself in prison for publishing a poem written by him,
“Anandomoir Agomone” (Advent of Goddess Durga-the Goddess of destruction of
all evil).

In prison, he did not stop writing. He wrote, “Rajbandir Jabanbandi”
(Deposition of a political prisoner).

After a prolonged hunger strike, Nazrul was released from the prison. But
throughout the 1920s, he found most of his work banned. After the death of
his second son- Kazi Bulbul- the poet was sad. He wrote, “My nightingale
sleeps forever.”

Although known for his rabid criticism of imperialism, social and
religious taboos, Nazrul also explored the themes of love, romance and

He also introduced a robust style that was very bold and innovative. His
use of Persian and Arabic words in Bengali poetry also opened up new literary
horizons. In the 1930s, the leading gramophone company of India, HMV, as a
lyricist, employed him full-time.

Later All-India Broadcasting Authority employed him. But his luck once
again ran out and in 1942, he developed a rare neurological disorder that led
to the loss of his voice and memory. Doctors in Vienna diagnosed it as Pick’s

After independence, Nazrul was declared the national poet and he was
brought to Dhaka from Kolkata. He died here in 1976 and was buried beside the
central mosque at Dhaka University.

In his short articulate years, he also wrote and directed a play, Byathar
Dan (The gift of pain).