UN envoy in Yemen for Hodeida crisis talks

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SANAA, June 17, 2018 (BSS/AFP) – The UN envoy for Yemen was in rebel-
controlled capital Sanaa for a second day Sunday to hold emergency talks over
the key aid port of Hodeida, where a regional coalition is battling Huthi
rebel fighters.

Martin Griffiths was believed to be pushing a deal for rebel leaders to
cede control of the Red Sea port to a UN-supervised committee and halt heavy
clashes against advancing government troops backed by Saudi Arabia and the
United Arab Emirates.

The envoy did not make any statement on his arrival at Sanaa
international airport on Saturday.

UAE Minister of State for Foreign Affairs Anwar Gargash on Twitter backed
“the envoy’s efforts to facilitate the safe handover of Hodeida to the
legitimate Yemeni Government”.

“The people of Hodeida urgently want to be liberated. The coalition will
continue with its military and humanitarian preparations to achieve this
urgent result,” Gargash wrote.

More than 70 percent of Yemeni imports pass through Hodeida’s docks and
the fighting has raised UN fears of humanitarian catastrophe in a country
already teetering on the brink of famine.

Yemen’s government and its allies launched their offensive on Wednesday,
since when at least 139 combatants have been killed, according to medical and
military sources.

The Shiite Huthi rebels have controlled the Hodeida region with its
population of some 600,000 people since 2014.

Earlier this year, the Saudi-led coalition imposed a near-total
blockade on the city’s port alleging it was being used as a conduit for arms
smuggling to the rebels by its regional arch rival Iran.

The capture of Hodeida would be the coalition’s biggest victory of the
war so far, and rebel leader Abdel Malek al-Huthi on Thursday called on his
forces to put up fierce resistance and turn the region into a quagmire for
coalition troops.

– Hodeida airport –

The Yemeni army on Saturday claimed it had seized control of the rebel
base at Hodeida’s disused airport, which has been closed since 2014.

An AFP correspondent on the front line could not confirm the report and a
spokesman for the coalition, which has troops taking part in the offensive,
did not respond to repeated requests for comment.

But military sources later denied that the army had entered the airport.

They told AFP, however, that sporadic clashes were underway at the
airport’s southern gate.

The highway between Hodeida and the government-held port of Mokha was
also the scene of fighting, they said, adding that loyalist forces had
suffered “losses”.

The United Nations and relief organisations have warned that any all-out
assault on Hodeida would put hundreds of thousands of people at risk.

The fighting is already nearing densely populated residential areas, the
Norwegian Refugee Council warned, and aid distributions have been suspended
in the west of the city.

The International Committee of the Red Cross said thousands were likely to
flee if the fighting continued.

The World Health Organization called on all sides “to protect health
workers and their facilities from harm, as well as to ensure unimpeded access
for medical teams seeking to treat the wounded”.

On Thursday, the UN Security Council demanded that Hodeida port be kept
open to vital food shipments but stopped short of backing a Swedish call for
a pause in the offensive to allow for talks on a rebel withdrawal.

The Yemen war has claimed some 10,000 lives since the coalition
intervened in 2015 when President Abedrabbo Mansour Hadi fled into exile to
Saudi Arabia when the rebels overran much of the country.

More than 22 million Yemenis are in need of aid, including 8.4 million who
are at risk of starvation, according to the UN, which has described the
conflict as the world’s worst humanitarian crisis.

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