DHAKA, April 17, 2019 (BSS) – Experts here today observed that the rainfall patterns are changing in Bangladesh due to climate change which affecting the country’s agriculture as well livelihood of people.
“The rainfall patterns are changing in the country gradually. We’ve already experienced a huge amount of rainfall in April this year, which is not usual at all,” renowned environmentalist Dr Qazi Kholiquzzaman Ahmad told a report launching ceremony in the city.
He said the changes in the rainfall patterns are adversely affecting the country’s many sectors, including agriculture and fisheries as well as the livelihood of people because they are not ready to cope with the changes.
The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change arranged the function to launch the report titled ‘Third National Communication of Bangladesh to the United Nations Framework on Climate Change (UNFCCC)’ at CIRDAP auditorium.
The report found that Bangladesh often experiences long duration of heavy rainfall associated with nor’wester accompanied by thunder and cyclonic storms.
In September 1, 2004, country’s capital city of Dhaka had experienced a total of 341 millimeter (mm) of rainfall within a 24-hour period causing a severe urban flooding that halted regular activities. On June 11, 2007, around 408 mm rainfall was measured in Chattogram and the extreme rainfall resulted in serious urban flooding and landslides that killed at least 124 people.
Dr Ahmad said the frequency and intensity of cyclones and storms have increased in the country for which at least one major storm hits every year.
According to the report, on July 28, 2009, about 333 mm of rainfall occurred within a 12-hour period in Dhaka that caused severe inundation in most of the city areas. On that particular day, over a period of six hours, about 290 mm of rainfall was recorded, the report added.
Citing the findings of the report, additional secretary of the ministry Dr Nurul Quader said Bangladesh’s contribution to the global carbon emission is only 0.29 per capita per year.
“Our contribution to the carbon emission has increased a little bit, but it is not significant at all,” he said.
Environment, Forest and Climate Change Minister Md Shahab Uddin, Director of the International Centre for Climate Change and Development Saleemul Huq, Deputy Resident Representative of UNDP Bangladesh Kyoko Yokosuka and Director General of the Department of Environment (DoE) Dr Sultan Ahmed, among others, spoke at the function with Environment and Forest Secretary Abdullah Al Mohsin Chowdhury in the chair.