North Koreans pay tribute to Kim’s father in freezing cold

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PYONGYANG, Feb 16, 2019 (BSS/AFP) – The Day of the Shining Star dawned
bitterly cold in Pyongyang. But thousands of North Koreans lined up in
temperatures of minus 8 degrees Celsius on Saturday to pay their respects to
late leader Kim Jong Il on his birthday.

Kim, the son of the isolated North’s founder Kim Il Sung and the father
and predecessor of current leader Kim Jong Un, was born on February 16.

According to Pyongyang’s orthodoxy, he came into the world in 1942, in a
snow-covered hut at a secret camp on the slopes of Mount Paektu, the
spiritual birthplace of the Korean people, where his father was fighting
occupying Japanese forces.

Outside historians point instead to official Soviet records, which say he
was born a year earlier in a Siberian village where Kim Il Sung was in exile.

Either way, it is a key anniversary in a nuclear-armed nation whose people
are taught from birth to revere the “Paektu bloodline”, as the Kim family
which has ruled it for three generations is known.

Referred to as the Day of the Shining Star, the occasion is celebrated
with ice skating displays, flower shows, and laudatory tributes in state
media, all reinforcing the underlying narrative.

Driver Kim Chol Jun, 42, took his two boys to Mansu Hill, where giant
statues of the two older Kims look out over the capital, to pay his respects
to them and the current leader.

“No sons and daughters feel tired when they visit their parents,” he told
AFP. “The great leaders are regarded as our own parents, so I visit here to
bow before our parents with my sons.”

Ordinary North Koreans consistently express unequivocal support for the
leadership and its policies when speaking to foreign media.

– Silver screen –

Snow dusted the two monumental panels — one to the fight against Japanese
occupiers, the other to the building of socialism — that flank the statues,
their faces bathed in the light of the rising sun as small children swept the
steps clean.

In pride of place before the bronze effigies stood a large floral tribute
emblazoned with the name of Kim Jong Un, who is due to hold his second summit
with US President Donald Trump at the end of the month.

Pyongyang is under multiple international sanctions over its pursuit of
nuclear weapons and ballistic missiles, which Washington is pressing it to
give up. North Korea has rejected demands for what it calls its “unilateral”
disarmament.

Turn by turn, groups ranging from couples and families to hundreds-strong
detachments of workers or soldiers assembled in front of the images.

After placing individual blooms or flower baskets before the figures, they
lined up as an announcer intoned: “Let us pay tribute”, and bowed deeply, the
military personnel saluting. Kim Jong Il died in 2011 and his remains are
preserved in a memorial palace on the outskirts of Pyongyang, but officially
he remains eternal General Secretary of the ruling Workers’ Party of Korea.

Retired actress Ri Cho Ok, 77, instantly became emotional when asked about
the late leader, her voice trembling as she described how much she missed him
and how standing before the statues brought the incumbent to mind.

Kim Jong Il was a film director himself and renowned cinephile, to the
extent he had a top South Korean director and actress kidnapped so they could
develop the North’s cinema industry. Pyongyang says their eight-year stay was
voluntary.

“The great general taught me step-by-step as I was becoming an actress,”
Ri said, “and gave me many orders and medals.”

But, she added, “it was like I received all the honours in the world when
I met him”.

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